Who doesn’t love a blood-red ruby pendant complementing their outfit? It oozes glamor and sophistication and is rightfully called the king of precious stones!
But do you know the characteristics of a Ruby stone that determine its value? If not, then you have come to the right place to learn more about your favorite gemstone.
In this blog, we discuss the 4 C’s (clarity, color, cut, carat weight) of a ruby gemstone.
1- Color of Rubies
A pure, fine ruby gemstone has a pure blood-red to slightly purplish red color. A ruby gemstone with the reddish color has the most value and demand. The red color shouldn’t be too light or too dark. It should just be the perfect shade to be of the utmost value. Rubies with other color undertones, like orange or purple, have less value.
But how exactly do rubies get their color? A ruby gemstone is part of the corundum mineral family, which is colorless originally. A ruby gemstone gets its reddish color because of the traces of the element chromium in its crystal structure.
2- Cut of Rubies
Rubies exist in many shapes and cuts in the market, but not all of them are high quality or have market value. Although the most common shape to exist in rubies is the flat tabular hexagonal shape, the cut of a ruby determines its market value.
After a ruby is fashioned, the most common shapes of rubies are ovals and cushions. Other fashioned rubies include cuts in kites or triangle shapes.
Coming to the value and quality of these shapes, the most expensive and valuable types of rubies are those whose shapes are cut in such a way that most of the rough gemstone is saved.
The color of a ruby also determines its cuts. If a ruby gemstone has a different shade of red on one side and a different one on another, cutters cut it into a horizontal way so the shade looks the same throughout the cut.
3- Clarity of Rubies
Rubies that don’t have any inclusion particles are impossible to find, as they don’t exist.
Every natural ruby gemstone has some kind of color impurities or inclusions in it. Therefore, the value of a Ruby depends upon the visibility of these inclusion particles. These inclusion particles are called rutile needles and known as “silk”.
On the other hand, the inclusion particles that decrease the brightness of a ruby gem stone also decrease the quality of a ruby gemstone.
4- Carat Weight
It might be evident, but let us remind you again that a ruby increase in value with weight. The greater the weight of ruby, the better value and quality it has in the market.
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